Successful Development of Cognitive Functioning: On the Interplay between Resources, Strategies, and Beliefs (2005-2008)

Primary Investigator: Dr. Daniela Jopp

Project Partner: Prof. Christopher Hertzog, School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology,
Atlanta, GA

Project Team: Dr. Daniela Jopp (responsible project member), Prof. Christopher Hertzog, Jarrod Hines,
Colin Malone, David Winograd

Project Description


This research project focuses on resources, strategies, and beliefs as central determinants of successful development over the entire life-span. Having mostly been investigated separately in the past, this project assesses all three components concurrently and with respect to their interplay in the context of cognitive functioning. The project examines the specific effect of resources (cognitive, health, and social), memory strategies and memory beliefs on memory performance and on cognitive aging, and explores the additional effects related to the interplay of these factors.


The project investigates the role of resources, memory strategies and memory beliefs for the memory performance of young, middle-aged, and older individuals. Research questions address: What role do cognitive resources and beliefs have on the use of memory strategies? Can the use of strategies mitigate the negative effects of age-related loss of resources? Does the usage of strategies by individuals with poor resources depend on their beliefs?


The project involved the development of several questionnaires designed to assess beliefs about memory. In particular, they assess beliefs about factors which: (a) Affect memory performance, (b) Influence memory aging, and (c) Measure the influence of these factors at different points in an individual’s life-span.


Preliminary findings show that the questionnaires developed for this project represent valid and reliable measures with good psychometric properties.

Publications and Materials

Jopp, D., & Hertzog, C. (2007). Activities, self-referent beliefs and cognitive performance: Evidence for
direct and mediated relations. Psychology and Aging, 22, 811–825.
Jopp, D., & Hertzog, C. (2008, July). Adaptation in adulthood: Which roles resources, strategies, and beliefs
play for well-being? Paper submitted to the 29. International Congress on Psychology, Berlin, Germany.
Jopp, D., & Hertzog, C. (2007, November). Memory action control beliefs: Relations to strategy use and
performance. Paper presented at the 60. Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, San Francisco, CA.
Jopp, D., & Hertzog, C. (2007, September). Resilienz bei jungen, mittelalten und älteren Personen: Zur
Rolle von Ressourcen, Lebensmanagementstrategien und Überzeugungen [Resilience in young, middle-aged, and older individuals: On the role of resources, life-management strategies, and beliefs]. Paper presented at the 18. Meeting of the Developmental Psychology Section of the German Society for Psychology, Heidelberg, Germany.
Jopp, D., & Hertzog, C. (2005, November). Health dimensions and their relation to beliefs about cognition,
strategy use, and cognitive performance. Paper presented at the 58. Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America in Orlando, FL.
Jopp, D., & Hertzog, C. (2006, November). Beliefs about memory functioning and memory aging: First
validation results of two new questionnaires. Poster presented at the 59. Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, Dallas, TX.
Jopp, D. & Hertzog, C. (2006, August). Everyday activities and their relation to self-referent beliefs and
cognitive performance. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.


Prof. Christopher Hertzog, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

Responsible: e-mail
Latest Revision: 2018-05-23
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